Bridging the gap

To develop effective clean sport education | Athlete-centred and evidence-informed

Athlete Voices

'clean' has multiple meanings

The Clean Sport Alliance presents a series of videos on the topic of Clean Sport. In 2019, we invited numerous international athletes to voice their thoughts and opinions on clean sport and anti-doping. Here they tell us in their own words about the challenges of competing as clean athletes. 

The videos show that that ‘clean sport’ is a complex notion with multiple interacting segments.  They highlight both the similarities and the differences between them.  The athletes share a clean athlete identity, but each have their own individual take on what performance-enhancing methods, behaviours or substances are regarded as ‘clean’. 

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Key to Clean Sport: International athletes from five countries on what anti-doping could do for a clean(er) sport environment

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Andrew Hayes 
 Athletics | United Kingdom

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Jacco Arends 

Badminton | Netherlands

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Sara Isakovic
Swimming | Slovenia

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Patrick O'Leary  
Para-canoe | Ireland

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Pia Braun
Tennis | Germany

research agenda for clean sport 

To ensure future research endeavours are coordinated, sustainable and focused on end-user priorities, we have co-created a research agenda, informed by practical needs and expert knowledge. The Delphi consensus method was used to identify the most important topics for social science research on doping prevention, as well as specific questions that need addressing. This process led to 18 research questions (click on the button to view) stratified across the eight topic areas listed below. 

1. Measuring effectiveness of education

Effectiveness of anti-doping interventions/education programmes, including development, implementation and long-term evaluation 

2. DEVELOPMENTAL INFLUENCES

Developmental influences (e.g., parental, peer, school education, etc.) from outside of sport on young athletes regarding doping and clean sport 

3. ROLE OF ATHLETE SUPPORT PERSONNEL 

The role of athlete support personnel (e.g., coaches, doctors, agents) in anti-doping and clean sport

4. CAPABILITY OF ATHLETE SUPPORT PERSONNEL

Athlete support personnel's knowledge and understanding of specific prohibited substances and methods

5. PROTECTIVE AND RISK FACTORS - ATHLETES

Long-term studies examining the development of protective and risk factors for doping in athletes

6. ATHLETE SUPPORT AND REPRESENTATION

Clean athletes' perceptions of their representation and support within the anti-doping system

7. PROTECTIVE AND RISK FACTORS - ATHLETE SUPPORT PERSONNEL

Long-term studies examining the development of protective and risk factors for doping in athlete support personnel

8. EXPERIENCES OF THE ANTI-DOPING SYSTEM

The anti-doping system and athletes' experiences of key procedures (e.g., ADAMS, whereabouts, testing, TUE etc.) within it

the research

In this video, Dr Ian Boardley (University of Birmingham), outlines the Delphi method used to generate the expert consensus on the social science research priorities for anti-doping education.

what research Gaps do you spot?

International

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Funding opportunities

World Anti-Doping Agency 

SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH GRANT PROGRAM

WADA’s Social Science Research Grant Program was created to ensure that preventive anti-doping education programs were designed using an evidence-based approach. 

WADA awards research grants to organizations of all types (e.g. universities, colleges, small businesses, for-profit and not-for-profit organizations). 

European Commission 

Erasmus+ funding program

Erasmus+ is the EU's program to support education, training, youth and sport. 


With a budget of €14.7 billion for 2014-2020 it provides opportunities for over 4 million participants to study, train, gain experience, and volunteer abroad. 


Partnership for Clean Competition 

grants program


Investigators world-wide contributing to the detection or deterrence of performance-enhancing drugs are eligible for PCC Grants.

Pre-Applications are due March 1st, July 1st, and November 1st of each year. 

To promote your funding programme through the Clean Sport Alliance, please get in touch.

Jani Dvoršak | CEO | Slovenian Anti-Doping Organisation

"Clean sport is when you keep your health after your sport career and UPHOLD the integrity of sport"

Prof. Andrea Petroczi | Professor of Public Health | Kingston University, UK

"For many, doping is not a temptation but a source of stress they have to cope with. We must ask ourselves what we do for the clean athletes."

Colin Allen | Education Programme Manager | UK Anti-Doping

"Clean society is important, we need to look at sporting landscape such as sport across the lifespan"

Dr. Ian Boardley | Senior Lecturer in Sport Psychology | University of Birmingham, UK

"Going forward we would be looking to develop clean sport identity rather than measuring intentions to dope"

Amanda Hudson | Director of Education | WADA

"we need to help Anti-Doping organisations to empathise with athletes and to bridge the gap between academics"

Prof. Sue Backhouse | Director of Research | Leeds Beckett University, UK

"THROUGH OUR EDUCATION PROGRAMS WE NEED TO ENABLE A LEARNING CULTURE AND SHIFT THE FOCUS AWAY FROM ANTI-DOPING COMPLIANCE. Learning is an active, participative process"

Erik Duiven |  Director of Education | Doping Authority Netherlands

"Education is not only providing information. It is the whole process of teaching / learning"